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The correct and timely isolation of either suspected or proven infected patients is effective in reducing the risk of transmission to other patients. Through such measures it is possible to control the spread and minimise the impact of infections such as MRSA, Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) and other healthcare associated infections (HCAI).



The purpose of isolating patients is to prevent the transmission of micro-organisms (bacteria or viruses) that they maybe infected or colonised with to:

  • Other patients
  • Hospital visitors
  • Hospital staff (who may become infected or colonised themselves)

The physical isolation of patients alone without additional infection control precautions is not sufficient enough to minimise the spread of micro-organisms. Basic principles of isolation care and standard infection control precautions must be implemented in order to minimise the risk of transmission.

This policy will also address the use of risk assessment to facilitate optimal use of isolation facilities and demonstrate consistent evidence based decision-making.


Policy Details

Download: PDF version
Compiled by: The Infection Control Team
Ratified by: Clinical Governance Committee
Date Ratified: October 2018
Date Issued: October 2018
Review Date: October 2021
Target Audience: All staff
Contact name: Ann Birler, Consultant Nurse


See also:

  • Meticillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Policy
  • Multi Resistant Gram Negative Bacilli Policy
  • Control of Tuberculosis in Hospital Policy
  • Standard Precautions Policy
  • Last Offices of the Deceased Infectious Patient Policy
  • Hand Hygiene Policy for Healthcare Workers
  • Management of Diarrhoea and Vomiting Policy
  • Management of Clostridium difficile Policy
  • Carbapenemase Producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) Policy
  • Respiratory Viruses Policy