Trust Logo - Return to the homepage


Infection is a common but often avoidable complication of healthcare which has a major impact on the patient and the healthcare service. Practices to prevent patients acquiring infection and to minimise the risk of transmission should be incorporated into routine practice and not just implemented for patients known to have infections (Wilson 2006).

These routine precautions are called ‘standard precautions’. All blood and body fluids are potentially infectious and precautions are necessary to prevent exposure to them. This includes injury by sharp objects and bites.

Infection control procedures are also important to protect staff from infection. All staff should demonstrate good infection control and hygiene practice. (The Health and Social Care Act 2008).



Everyone involved in providing care should be educated about standard principles and trained in the use of personal protective equipment (PPE).


Hand Hygiene

The transfer of organisms between humans can occur directly via hands or indirectly via an environmental source, e.g. commode. Epidemiological evidence indicates that handmediated transmission is a major contributing factor in the acquisition and spread of infection in hospitals (Loveday et al, 2013).


Policy Details

Download: PDF version
Compiled by: The Infection Control Team
Ratified by: Clinical Governance Committee
Date Ratified: April 2018
Date Issued: August 2019
Review Date: April 2020
Target Audience: All staff
Contact name: Ann Birler, Nurse Consultant / Deputy Director of Infection Prevention and Control


See also:

  • Hand Hygiene Policy for Healthcare Workers
  • Inoculation Injury Policy
  • Cleaning and Disinfection Policy
  • Spillage of Blood and Body Fluids Policy
  • Management of Healthcare Waste Policy