Infection is a common but often avoidable complication of healthcare which has a major impact on the patient and the healthcare service. Practices to prevent patients acquiring infection and to minimise the risk of transmission should be incorporated into routine practice and not just implemented for patients known to have infections (Wilson 2006).
These routine precautions are called ‘standard precautions’. All blood and body fluids are potentially infectious and precautions are necessary to prevent exposure to them. This includes injury by sharp objects and bites.
Infection control procedures are also important to protect staff from infection. All staff should demonstrate good infection control and hygiene practice. (The Health and Social Care Act 2008).
Everyone involved in providing care should be educated about standard principles and trained in the use of personal protective equipment (PPE).
The transfer of organisms between humans can occur directly via hands or indirectly via an environmental source, e.g. commode. Epidemiological evidence indicates that handmediated transmission is a major contributing factor in the acquisition and spread of infection in hospitals (Loveday et al, 2013).
|Compiled by:||The Infection Control Team|
|Ratified by:||Clinical Governance Committee|
|Date Ratified:||April 2018|
|Date Issued:||May 2018|
|Review Date:||April 2019|
|Target Audience:||All staff|
|Contact name:||Ann Birler, Nurse Consultant / Deputy Director of Infection Prevention and Control|
- Hand Hygiene Policy for Healthcare Workers
- Inoculation Injury Policy
- Cleaning and Disinfection Policy
- Spillage of Blood and Body Fluids Policy
- Management of Healthcare Waste Policy